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Administrative and Financial System Definitions

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An administrative and/or financial system is one where the primary purpose/s is to provide one of the business functions listed in this document.  Systems that merely store information, provide business intelligence based on exports from administrative and/or financial systems, or enable administrative and/or financial systems do not qualify as administrative and/or financial systems.

 

Administrative and Financial Business Functions

 

 

   

 

 

 

Category

Function

Definition

Qualifying IT Solution Functions/Capabilities

 

Source

Finance

Government Accounting

The composite activity of analyzing, recording, summarizing, reporting, and interpreting the financial transactions of a governmental entity

Any IT solution that will capture track, maintain, or monitor and otherwise support any of the capabilities included in the definition

SAAM Manual

 

Finance

 

General Ledger

 

A ledger containing the accounts in which are recorded, in detail or in summary, all transactions of the state

 

Any IT solution that captures, tracks, maintains or otherwise performs general ledger functions or acts as a general ledger system

 

SAAM Manual

 

Finance

 

Capital Asset Management / Fixed Asset Management

 

The Management of tangible or intangible assets held and used in state operations, which have a service life of more than one year and meet the state’s capitalization policy. Capital assets of the state include land, infrastructure, and improvements to land, buildings, leasehold improvements, vehicles, furnishings, equipment, collections, and all other tangible and intangible assets that are used in state operations

 

Any IT solution used to capture, track, manage, monitor and/or maintain government assets such as the ones listed in the definition

 

SAAM Manual

Finance

Accounts Payable

Amounts owed to private persons or organizations for goods and/or services received by the state. Accounts Payable does not include amounts due to other agencies, funds, or other governments

Any IT solution that captures, tracks, monitors, maintains or processes payments made to other entities including other state agencies.  This includes but is not limited to invoices, credit card, check and/or direct deposit transactions

 

SAAM Manual

Finance

Accounts Receivable

Amounts due from private persons or organizations for goods, and/or services furnished by the state. Accounts Receivable does not include amounts due from other agencies, funds, or other governments

Any IT solution that captures, tracks, monitors, maintains or processes payments owed and/or received from other entities including other state agencies.  This includes but is not limited to invoices, credit card, debit card, check and/or direct deposit transactions

SAAM Manual

 

Finance

 

Cash Flows

 

The cash receipts and cash payments of a government during a period. It categorizes cash activity as resulting from operating, noncapital financing, capital financing and investing activities

 

Any IT solution that captures, tracks, monitors, and/or processes cash flow transactions or otherwise supports any of the capabilities identified in the definition

 

SAAM Manual

Finance

General Ledger Reconciliation

The process of correlating one set of records with another set of records and/or a physical inventory count that involves identifying, explaining, and correcting differences

Any IT solution that performs and/or supports the capabilities listed in the definition

SAAM Manual

Management Accounting

 

The process of preparing management reports and accounts that provide accurate and timely financial and statistical information required by managers to make day-to-day and short-term decisions. Unlike financial accounting, which produces annual reports mainly for external stakeholders, management accounting generates monthly or weekly reports for an organization's internal audiences such as department managers and the chief executive officer. These reports typically show the amount of available cash, sales revenue generated, amount of orders in hand, state of accounts payable and accounts receivable, outstanding debts, raw material and inventory, and may also include trend charts, variance analysis, and other statistics

Any IT solution that performs or supports the capabilities identified in the definition

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Management Accounting

Cost Estimate

The sum established by the agency/institution as available for the entire project, including the construction budget, acquisition costs, furnishings and equipment, compensation for professional services and all contingencies. The cost estimate is used to develop capital project budgets

Any IT solution that captures, generates, monitors, manages, or is used for cost estimating as identified in the definition

SAAM Manual

Management Accounting

Cost Management and Control

Management of cost related activities achieved by collecting, analyzing, evaluating, and reporting cost information used for budgeting, estimating, forecasting, and monitoring costs. Cost control typically includes (1) investigative procedures to detect variance of actual costs from budgeted costs, (2) diagnostic procedures to ascertain the cause(s) of variance, and (3) corrective procedures to effect realignment between actual and budgeted costs

 

 

 

Any IT solution that captures, generates, monitors, process or otherwise manages, or is used for cost management and control as identified in the definition

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Management Accounting

Cost Accounting/ Activity Based Costing (ABC)

A method of accounting which provides for accumulating and recording of all the elements of cost incurred to accomplish a purpose, to carry on an activity or operation, or to complete a unit of work or a specific job.  Cost accounting approach concerned with matching costs with activities (called cost drivers) that cause those costs. It is a more sophisticated kind of absorption-costing and replaces labor based costing system. ABC states that (1) products consume activities, (2) it is the activities (and not the products) that consume resources, (3) activities are the cost drivers, and (4) that activities are not necessarily based on the volume of production. Instead of allocating costs to cost centers (such as service delivery, marketing, finance), ABC allocates direct and indirect costs to activities such as processing an order, attending to a customer complaint, or delivering a service

Any IT solution that captures, generates, monitors, process or otherwise used to support the capabilities identified in the definition

SAAM Manual

Budgeting

 

A plan of financial operation embodying an estimate of proposed expenditures for a given period of time or purpose and the proposed means of financing them.

Any IT solution used to generate, track, estimate or otherwise maintain budgets, this includes but is not limited to budget development, budget management, budgetary control, and/or performance budgeting functions as identified in the definitions

SAAM Manual

 

Budgeting

 

Budgetary Control

 

The control or management of a governmental unit in accordance with an approved budget for the purpose of keeping expenditures within the limitations of available appropriations and available revenues.

 

See budgeting

 

SAAM Manual

 

Budgeting

 

Performance Budgeting

 

The act of considering and making funding choices based on desired outcomes. Performance budgeting focuses on the results to be gained through investment decisions.

 

See budgeting

 

SAAM Manual

Human Resources

 

The division of an agency or institution focused on activities relating to employees. Activities include recruiting and hiring new employees, growth and development of current employees, employee benefits, workforce planning, and employee retention

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition and/or requires integration with enterprise systems such as HRMS

 

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Human Resources

Appointment Change

An action that indicates a change to an employee’s appointment within the agency or movement of an employee between different agencies without a break in service - may include but not limited to movement to another position, adjustment of hours worked, changes from salaried to hourly, or reallocation of a position

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

HRMS Data Definitions Resource Guide

Human Resources

Benefits Management

Advantage, privilege, right, or financial reimbursement (such as that made under an insurance policy, medical plan, or pension plan)

Any IT solution that supports the management of state employee benefits such as the capabilities listed in the definition

 

Human Resources

Diversity Management

Understanding the relationship between individual attitudes, behaviors, and employment practices - includes equal employment opportunity to ensure equal access and opportunity to anyone who qualifies and affirmative action reporting and practices to create an inclusive work environment

Any IT solution that supports diversity management and the capabilities listed in the definition

OFM > State Human Resources > Diversity

 

 

Human Resources

Grievance

A formal complaint filed by a union on behalf of an employee or group of employees alleging a violation, misapplication or misinterpretation of one or more terms of the parties’ collective bargaining agreement.  Note:  Collective bargaining agreements vary and a particular agreement may define this term differently

Any IT solution that supports the capture, tracking and/or management of grievances such as those listed in the definition

OFM > State Human Resources > Labor Relations

 

 

Human Resources

Hiring

The process of onboarding a new employee into Washington state service

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Human Resources

Job Application

A form submitted to a potential employer by a potential employee to collect basic information about the applicant such as employment history, education, training, and contact information

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Human Resources

Job Classification

A method of identifying and defining job duties and responsibilities

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

 

Human Resources

 

Payroll

 

The administration of employee compensation and benefits on a scheduled basis through a centralized payment system

 

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

 

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Human Resources

Recruitment

The process of finding and hiring the best-qualified candidate (from within or outside of an organization) for a job opening in a timely and cost effective manner. The recruitment process includes analyzing the requirements of a job, attracting employees to that job, screening and selecting applicants, hiring, and integrating the new employee to the organization - recruitment measures include tracking time to hire/fill, candidate quality, and applicant satisfaction

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Human Resources

HR Reporting, Business Intelligence, and HR Visual Analytics

Displaying information that conveys ideas and concepts to an audience in a format that is easily consumable. Standard reports have a fixed format and are parameter driven while ad hoc reports meet individual reporting needs by giving the user the ability to interact with the data to create their own report and /or n interactive, graphical display of data that provides analytical results and insight to help with problem solving and decision making

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

 

 

 

 

 

Human Resources

Retirement

Separation of an employee who meets the age and service requirements to receive retirement benefits and has filed an application for retirement with the Department of Retirement Systems - includes tracking and/or managing an employee's retirement eligibility status throughout the life cycle of an employee's career

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

HRMS Data Definitions Resource Guide

Human Resources

Separation / Termination

The voluntary or involuntary act of leaving Washington State service

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

HRMS Data Definitions Resource Guide

Human Resources

Strategic Workforce Planning

Strategic workforce planning looks at system-wide issues and strategies to:

·         Support the organizations strategic plan (e.g., reorganization and redeployment)

·         Address external workforce factors that affect the entire business (e.g., succession planning for retirement bubbles, or staff reduction planning for budget cuts).

·         Maintain organizational capacity (e.g., in-service training)

·         Mitigate risk exposure (e.g., safety planning and Equal Employment Opportunity training)

Any IT solution that supports strategic workforce planning and the capabilities listed in the definition

OFM > State Human Resources > Workforce Data & Planning > Workforce Planning > Levels of Workforce Planning

Human Resources

Succession Planning

The specific staffing strategies designed to develop an internal pool for anticipated vacancies

Any IT solution that supports succession planning

OFM > State Human Resources > Workforce Data & Planning > Workforce Planning > Introduction to Workforce Planning

Human Resources

Telework/Flexible work

Telework is the practice of working from home or other alternative locations closer to home through the use of technology which allows the employee to access normal work material (email, telephone, electronic documents, etc.). Telework may be scheduled or done on an ad hoc basis.

 

Flexible work is an alternative schedule that allows full-time employees to eliminate at least one work day every two weeks by working longer hours during the remaining days, resulting in less commute trips (compressed workweek), or allows the employees some flexibility in starting and ending times outside the agency’s normal work hours (flextime) consistent with WAC 357-28-225

Any IT solution that captures telework or flexible work

http://www.governor.wa.gov/sites/default/files/exe_order/eo_16-07.pdf

 

Human Resources

Time and Attendance

The process of submitting, approving, and adjusting an employee’s work hours and planned/unplanned leave hours

Any IT solution that captures and tracks state employee time and attendance and/or captures and tracks the time and attendance of individuals and organizations receiving benefits or providing services to benefit recipients and/or otherwise supports the capabilities listed in the definition

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Human Resources

Training/Development

Activities designed to develop employees' job-related knowledge and skills for present job assignments as well as future career development goals

Any IT solution that provides and/or supports state employee and/or general public training and/or otherwise supports the capabilities listed in the definition

 

WAC 357-01-330

Human Resources

Travel Management

Activities associated with planning, preparing, and monitoring of business related travel for an organization’s employees

Any IT solution that supports the management of employee travel

SAAM Manual

Human Resources

Wellness and Safety Information

Ensuring the safety and health of employees within the workplace

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Human Resources

Scheduling

The days and hours an employee is scheduled to work

Any IT solution that establishes, captures, tracks, manages, and/or maintains employee work schedules

Generally accepted industry Enterprise Resource Planning

Enterprise Risk Management

 

Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is the discipline of managing risk throughout an agency.  Processes include conducting a risk assessment, identifying root causes of identified risks, prioritizing the risks on an enterprise level, determining which risk treatments best address the root causes, and then monitoring the success of the risk treatments. Treatments can include: Transferring the risk, minimizing the likelihood and/or impact of a negative outcome, and eliminating the activity associated with the risk

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

DES

Grant Management

 

Management of awards of financial assistance, including cooperative agreements, in the form of money, or property in lieu of money, to an eligible grantee. The term does not include technical assistance which provides services instead of money, or other forms of assistance such as revenue sharing, loans, loan guarantees, interest subsidies, insurance or direct appropriations. Also, the term does not include assistance, such as fellowship or other lump sum awards, which the grantee is not required to account for

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

SAAM Manual

Procurement

 

The process of obtaining or buying goods and services consistent with RCW 39.26 with the intent to Purchase.

 

Purchasing, renting, leasing, or otherwise acquiring any supplies or services; includes all functions that pertain to the acquisition, including description of requirements, selection, and solicitation of sources, preparation and award of contract, and all phases of contract administration. The combined functions of purchasing, inventory control, traffic and transportation, receiving, inspection, storekeeping, salvage, and disposal operations

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

One Washington Procurement Workgroup , DES, and the National Institute of Governmental Purchasing (NIGP) Definitions of Procurement Terms)

 

Procurement

 

Purchasing

 

The acquisition of goods or services, including the leasing or renting of goods

 

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

 

SAAM Manual and RCW 39.26.010

 

Procurement

 

Contracting

 

Activities related to obtaining goods or services from sources, including the decision to contract, description of goods/services, solicitation of sources, contractor screening and selection, contract preparation, contract monitoring, auditing and post-contract follow-up

 

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

 

SAAM Manual, DES, and One Washington Procurement Workgroup definition

Procurement

Vendor Management

The management of an entity selling a good or service to the State.  Vendors include, but are not limited to, retail businesses, consultants, contractors, manufacturers, credit card companies.  A vendor may be an individual, corporation, non-profit organization, federal government, or federal agency, local government or local agency, another state or another state agency, a Washington state agency, or Indian nation.  For travel reimbursement purposes, a vendor may include an employee, a board member, or volunteer

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

SAAM Manual

Procurement

Planning

Analysis and evaluation of the ways in which material requirements can be met using a life cycle management approach

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

DES and 2008 NIGP Dictionary of Procurement Terms

 

Procurement

Inventory Management

Inventory costs represent a substantial portion of the total cost of ownership for many organizations.  Proper inventory management requires an investment of time and resources.  Carrying insufficient inventory may have adverse mission impacts or consequences.  Carrying too much inventory ties up capital, is usually inefficient, requires extra storage space, and for items with a limited shelf life may lead to costly disposal actions

 

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

DES

Procurement

Inventory Control

Supervision and management of the supply, storage, and accessibility of items held in inventory to ensure an adequate supply of available material without excessive oversupply, back orders or stock outages

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

DES and 2008 NIGP Dictionary of Procurement Terms

Performance Audit

 

A systematic process of objectively obtaining and evaluating evidence regarding the performance of an organization, program, function, or activity. Evaluation is made in terms of its economy and efficiency of operations and effectiveness in achieving desired goals. The performance audit function provides an independent review of management’s performance and the degree to which actual performance meets pre-stated goals

Any IT solution that supports the capabilities listed in the definition

SAAM Manual