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Enterprise Technology Dictionary -- Letter S

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Scheduling

Definition:

The days and hours an employee is scheduled to work

Theme(s):
Enterprise Architecture, Administrative and Financial Systems
Context:
Business Functions

Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP) (FTP over SSH)

Definition:

A secure version of File Transfer Protocol (FTP), which facilitates data access and data transfer over a Secure Shell (SSH) data stream. It is part of the SSH Protocol. This term is also known as SSH File Transfer Protocol.

Theme(s):
Information Security, Integration and Interoperability, Enterprise Architecture
Context:
Integration

Secure Segmentation

Definition:

Secure segmentation is defined as implementing methods that allow for secure communication between various levels of segmented environments. These environments typically involve 4 basic segment groups:

  1. Outside (Trust no one)
  2. Services (Trust limited to defined segmentation lines)
  3. Internal (Trust limited to defined group)
  4. External users (Trust limited to defined group)

The methods for securing these segments may include but are not limited to firewall and switch/router configurations and router/switch ACLs.

Theme(s):
Information Security, Enterprise Architecture

Security Controls

Definition:

The security requirements and methods applied by agencies to manage IT security risk including but not limited those defined in the OCIO IT security standards.

Theme(s):
Information Security, Enterprise Architecture

Security Domain

Definition:

An environment or context that is defined by security policy, a security model, or security architecture to include a set of system resources and the set of system entities that have the right to access the resources.

Theme(s):
Information Security, Enterprise Architecture

Security Requirements

Definition:
Security Requirements at a minimum: technical, electronic, physical, and administrative processes to prevent cyber, physical, and or unauthorized access to RF systems infrastructure, frequency, and operations.

Separation / Termination

Definition:

The voluntary or involuntary act of leaving Washington State service

Theme(s):
Enterprise Architecture, Administrative and Financial Systems
Context:
Business Functions

Service Consumer (Consumer)

Definition:

A requestor that consumes or uses an automated IT Service provided by a Service Provider. Entities (systems, people, and organizations) that needs to make use of services offered by providers.

Synonyms:
Consumer
Theme(s):
Integration and Interoperability, Enterprise Architecture
Context:
Integration

Service Disruption

Definition:

An unplanned event that causes an information system to be inoperable for a period of time.

Theme(s):
Customer Support, Disaster Recovery
Context:
Disaster Recovery

Service Metadata

Definition:

Computer application readable description of capabilities, requirements, general characteristics, abstract message operations, concrete network protocols, endpoint addresses, and structure and content of messages received by and sent by the service.

Theme(s):
Integration and Interoperability, Enterprise Architecture
Context:
Integration

Service Orchestration

Definition:

The coordination and arrangement of multiple services exposed as a single aggregate service. Developers utilize service orchestration to support the automation of business processes by loosely coupling services across different applications and enterprises and creating "second-generation," composite applications. In other words, service orchestration is the combination of service interactions to create higher-level business services.

Theme(s):
Integration and Interoperability, Enterprise Architecture
Context:
Integration

Service Oriented Architecture

Definition:

Style of software design where services are provided to the other components by application components, through a communication protocol over a network. The basic principles of service-oriented architecture are independent of vendors, products and technologies. A service is a discrete unit of functionality that can be accessed remotely and acted upon and updated independently, such as retrieving a credit card statement online. According to TOGAF, under the terms of an SOA, a service has four properties: It logically represents a business activity with a specified outcome. It is self-contained. It is a black box for its consumers. It may consist of other underlying services.

Theme(s):
Enterprise Architecture, Integration and Interoperability
Context:
Integration

Service Providers (Provider)

Definition:

Entities (systems, people, and organizations) that offer capabilities and act as service providers. An authoritative/trusted organization that offers an automated IT Service to a Service Consumer by means of one of its Provided Service Interfaces.

Theme(s):
Integration and Interoperability, Enterprise Architecture
Context:
Integration

Service Reusability

Definition:

A service-oriented architecture design principle for creating services that can be used for business purposes beyond those initially specified in requirements. Reusable services are designed so their solution logic is independent of any particular business process or technology.

Theme(s):
Integration and Interoperability, Enterprise Architecture
Context:
Integration

Significant

Definition:
Significant – Any RF Communication purchase that requires an appropriation request, or will impact interoperability, or impact an outside agency, or is not considered routine maintenance, or purchases exceed policy defined limits.

Simple Object Access Protocol API

Definition:

A protocol for implementing Web Services. SOAP features guidelines that allow communication via the Internet between two programs, even if they run on different platforms, use different technologies and are written in different programming languages.

Theme(s):
Integration and Interoperability, Enterprise Architecture
Context:
Integration

SMART Objectives

Definition:

SMART is a mnemonic for Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Time bound.  These characteristics are helpful to remember when identifying project objectives.

Theme(s):
Governance, Portfolio Management
Context:
Oversight, Project Management

SOA Backplane

Definition:

Shared, common infrastructure for lifecycle management such as a services registry, policies, business analytics; routing/addressing, quality of service, communication; Development Tools for security, management, and adapters.

Theme(s):
Integration and Interoperability, Enterprise Architecture
Context:
Integration

SOA-based Services

Definition:

Modular, swappable functions, separate from, yet connected to an application via well-defined interfaces to provide agility. Often referred to as 'services' they: Perform granular business functions such as "get customer address" or larger ones such as 'process payment.' Are loosely coupled to a new or existing application. Have capability to perform the steps, tasks and activities of one or more business processes. Can be combined to perform a set of functions - referred to as 'orchestration.'

Theme(s):
Enterprise Architecture, Integration and Interoperability
Context:
Integration

Standard

Definition:

A standard provides more details about how a policy or portions of policy will be implemented.

Theme(s):
General IT, Governance

Start of a Project

Definition:

For the purposes of project investment, approval, oversight and quality assurance, the start of the project is at the beginning of planning.

Theme(s):
Portfolio Management, Program and Project Management
Context:
Oversight, Project Management

Strategic Workforce Planning

Definition:

Strategic workforce planning looks at system-wide issues and strategies to: Support the organization's strategic plan (e.g., reorganization and redeployment) Address external workforce factors that affect the entire business (e.g., succession planning for retirement bubbles, or staff reduction planning for budget cuts). Maintain organizational capacity (e.g., in-service training) Mitigate risk exposure (e.g., safety planning and Equal Employment Opportunity training)

Theme(s):
Enterprise Architecture, Administrative and Financial Systems
Context:
Business Functions

Subscriber

Definition:
Subscriber is the RF communications equipment that is utilized by the end user to access a Two-way Radio or Trunked Radio System.

Substantially Enhanced

Definition:
Substantially Enhanced is the system whose equipment and or software has been replaced or upgraded with later generation or versions, and whose operations have been changed with advanced features not included in the original system specifications.

Substantially Modified

Definition:
Substantially Modified is the system whose equipment and or software has been replaced or upgraded with later generation or versions, but whose operations has not been changed from its original operating specifications.

Succession Planning

Definition:

The specific staffing strategies designed to develop an internal pool for anticipated vacancies

Theme(s):
Enterprise Architecture, Administrative and Financial Systems
Context:
Business Functions

Sunset Review

Definition:

A mandatory periodic review of a technical policy and standard that:

  • Determines the continued need for the policy or standard, and
  • Evaluates the full content of the policy or standard for accuracy, clarity and completeness.

Sunset reviews may occur ahead of the published sunset review date if needed.  

Theme(s):
Governance

Supporting Organization(s) Processes

Definition:

For the purpose of go live readiness, supporting organizations include the agency(s) and any vendor(s) who are involved in operations and support of the ongoing system/investment. Processes include any unique to the time immediately after go-live as well as those on-going processes required to effectively operate and maintain the system/investment once it is implemented into production.

Theme(s):
Program and Project Management, Enterprise Architecture, Portfolio Management
Context:
Go Live Readiness

System and Network Monitoring

Definition:

System and Network Monitoring supports all activities related to the realtime monitoring of systems and networks for optimal performance.

Theme(s):
Technology Business Management, Enterprise Architecture, Infrastructure Management
Context:
IT Business Function

System Resource Usage

Definition:

Support the balance and allocation of memory, usage, disk space and performance on computers and their applications.

Theme(s):
Technology Business Management, Enterprise Architecture
Context:
IT Business Function